Hailing from Worcestershire, England, Caslon developed a knack for engraving early on in life. He was a member of the most renowned family of French printers who began working in this trade when his grandfather Francoise Didot formed the Didot foundry in 1713. The original printing of the American Declaration of Independence was set with Caslon type, and derivatives of these typefaces continue to be used as computer fonts. Caslon is the name given to serif typefaces designed by William Caslon I (c. 1692–1766) in London, or inspired by his work.. Caslon worked as an engraver of punches, the masters used to stamp the moulds or matrices used to cast metal type. These, as well as all of their consecutive revivals, are referred to as Caslon. Oct 10, 2014 - Explore Emily Dahl's board "Williams and Henry Caslon" on Pinterest. Caslon, William. The three printers above-named were of coune his constant customers. His son, William Caslon (1720-1778), who had been partner with his father for some years, continued the business. For other uses or meanings of Caslon, see, William Caslon I in an engraved portrait by John Faber the Younger. Caslon's typefaces were inspired by the Dutch Baroque types, the most commonly used types in England before Caslon's faces. Caslon typefaces were immediately popular and used for many important printed works, including the first printed version of the United States Declaration of Independence. born 1692, Cradley, Worcestershire, Eng. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent. Several revivals of the Caslon types are widely used today. John Bidwell, Some Caslon Ornaments in Some American Books. William Dean Howells, The Country Printer. They found it in William Caslon (1692-1766), a renowned engraver and tool maker. William Caslon II – born 1720, died 1778 – type founder, type designer. Biography of William Caslon (1692-1766) Recorder and British types of printing smelter, who gained fame for the design of a font of great beauty and readability, which was one of the most used his time and model of all subsequent fonts. It was bought by the younger Elizabeth Caslon, who took into partnership a distant relative, Nathaniel Catherwood. Caslon fonts became some of the most popular typefaces of that century, throughout the English-speaking world....and the Pennsylvania-German speaking world. James ultimately combined under his own direction nine old English Foundries. [9], Meanwhile, following his sale of his share in the original foundry in 1792, William Caslon III had purchased (in the same year) the Salisbury Square foundry from the estate of the recently deceased Joseph Jackson, and renamed it W. Caslon & Son. It is used quite a lot in magazines, journals, books, and as a corporate typeface. As a result of a legal dispute over the terms of her will, the Foundry was then thrown into Chancery and put up for auction in 1799. Beginning in the mid 1700s, American printers became enamored with the finely-crafted British fonts designed by William Caslon, an English gunsmith and typeface designer. He died on 23 January 1766, and was buried in the churchyard of St Luke Old Street, London, where the family tomb is preserved (bearing his name and others). William Caslon Mid-eighteenth century British punchcutter and typefounder, who solidly established British typefounding with well-crafted copies of earlier Dutch designs. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent. These, as well as all of their consecutive revivals, are referred to as Caslon. Around 1720 he created an extended set of serif typefaces. His first design was an Arabic made at the English size (14pt), commissioned by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge before 1725, followed by a Hebrew created for William Bowyer in 1726, and a Coptic for Wilkins first used in 1731. It is used quite a lot in magazines, journals, books, and as a corporate typeface. See more ideas about Caslon, Typography, Types of printing. [8] Henry died in 1788, and in 1792 William III sold his share of the business to his mother and his sister-in-law, Elizabeth née Rowe, Henry's widow: the two Elizabeth Caslons continued to run it until the elder Elizabeth's death in 1795. In 1816, British printer William Caslon IV developed the first widely known sans serif typeface, the Egyptian font. The history of Caslon. A printer in Baltimore, Md., used Caslon type to print the official copies of the United States Declaration of Independence. He watched as the work of the printing industry unfolded and as a natural extension of his translation work he became intent on bringing the printing and publishing arts to England. Designed and cut in metal by William Caslon, the first few sizes were issued in 1722. This new typeface quickly replaced many of the Dutch typefaces used previously. His first Latin typefaces were a roman and italic cut in the pica size (12pt), of a style that was fully realized by the publication of his foundry's specimen sheet in 1734.[5]. However, following the death of Justin Howes in 2005, the revived H. W. Caslon & Company was no longer in business, and the expanded Founders Caslon is no longer offered in the retail market. [6][7], John James, William Caslon I and Baskerville were left by consolidation as the only three representatives of the trade in the country. Born: 1692Birthplace: Cradley, Worcestershire, EnglandDied: 23-Jan-1766Location of death: London, EnglandCause of death: unspecified, Gender: MaleRace or Ethnicity: WhiteOccupation: Typographer, Nationality: EnglandExecutive summary: English type designer. Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, United States Declaration of Independence, "Caslon, William, the elder (1692–1766), typefounder", "Caslon [née Cartlich], Elizabeth (1730–1795), typefounder", H. W. Caslon & Company font foundry : MyFonts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Caslon&oldid=974916072, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 August 2020, at 19:53. For many years a common rule of thumb of printers and typesetters was When in doubt, use Caslon. At that time most types were being imported to England from Dutch sources, so Caslon was influenced by the characteristics of Dutch types. William Caslon I was an English gunsmith and designer of typefaces. Elizabeth Caslon then continued to manage it jointly with her two sons, William Caslon III (1754–1833) and Henry Caslon (c.1755–1788) trading as "Elizabeth Caslon and Sons". Caslon had two apprentices in his Sheffield Foundry, Thomas Cottrell and Joseph Jackson. The distinction and legibility of his type secured him the patronage of the leading printers of the day in England and on the continent. William Caxton was an English merchant and diplomat under the employment of the Duchess of Burgundy translating French literature into English. William Caslon I (1692/1693 – 23 January 1766), also known as William Caslon the Elder, was an English typefounder. At the beginning, she was a promising student at the Rhode Island School of Design, where one of her professors was the type designer Charles Bigelow, the designer of the Lucida, Apple Chicago, Apple Geneva and Wingdings fonts, among others.After studying under Bigelow again at Stamford, and receiving one of the few degrees in their digital typography program, Twombly went to work in Bigelow’… In 1716 he set up in that business in Vine Street, Minories, London, and added tool-making for bookbinders and silver-chasers. Born in 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire, young William Caslon did his apprenticeship as an engraver and toolmaker with London-based Edward Cookes. William Caslon I was an English gunsmith and designer of typefaces. William Caslon I (1692 – 1766), also known as William Caslon the Elder, was an English gunsmith and designer of typefaces. In 1998, Justin Howes reestablished the Caslon foundry, under the name H. W. Caslon & Company Limited, with an expanded version of ITC Founder's Caslon as the company's initial product. Carol Twombly designed this Caslon revival for Adobe in 1990, after studying Caslon's own specimen sheets from the mid-eighteenth century. In 1720, the society for William Caslon, (born 1692, Cradley, Worcestershire, Eng.—died Jan. 23, 1766, Bethnal Green, London), English typefounder who, between 1720 and 1726, designed the typeface that bears his name. Since that time we have keeping up with changes in the industry and continue to make and market value adding machinery for new and existing graphics businesses world-wide. Caslon's types became so popular that the expression about typeface choice, "when in doubt, use Caslon," came about. William Caslon, 1693-1766 : the ancestry, life and connections of England's foremost letter-engraver and type-founder.. [Johnson Ball] -- A biography of William Caslon I, also called William Caslon the Elder, and English gunsmith and designer of typefaces for the prominent printers … Jackson left the navy in 1763 and continued to be employed in Thomas Cottrell, Neveil's court 1759–1785 Foundry for a short time. The Caslon design is still widely used today. according to Talbot Reed's "The Old English letter Foundries"). In 1837, the Salisbury Square Caslon Foundry became the property of Stephenson, Blake & Co.[9]. ... -German printer-presented his plans for a … The use of Caslon types, discontinued about the beginning of the 19th century, was revived about 1845 at the suggestion of Sir Henry Cole, and used for printing the Diary of Lady Willoughby (a pseudo 17th century story) by the Chiswick Press. Caslon is the first original English typeface. Stephen O. Saxe (reviewer), Frank E. Comparato, Chronicles of Genius and Folly: R. Hoe & Company and the Printing Press as a Service to Democracy H. W. 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