Name – Aucuba japonica Family – Garryaceae Type – shrub. Established plants have very good drought tolerance. The most popular cultivar is 'Variegata', with yellow spots on the leaves;[8] this is a female clone, a similar male clone being named 'Maculata'. Design Ideas An evergreen shrub that performs well in almost all growing zones, the Picturata Aucuba is well-suited to shady conditions almost anywhere in a garden. Although not often done, this is a terrific way to grow Yew Trees in more natural garden styles, without the need for regular clipping. 'Mr. The flowers are small, 4–8 mm (0.16–0.31 in) diameter, each with four purplish-brown petals; they are produced in clusters of 10-30 in a loose cyme. © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. of the member-only content library. Our staff is a diverse group of Certified Horticulturists, ready to assist you in a knowledgeable way. Portugal laurel (Prunus lusitanica) is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to April, and the seeds ripen from October to February. During exceptionally cold winters you might see some leaf damage. Camphor Laurel (Cinnamomum camphora) – A Chinese tree that grows up to 100 feet tall. Aucuba japonica are dioecious. Japanese laurel (Aucuba japonica) is a striking evergreen shrub appreciated for its showy, lustrous foliage. Are you sure you want to delete your notes for this recipe? Yew Trees have many uses in the garden. Comment About Pruning Aucuba requires little if any pruning. The leaves are opposite, broad lanceolate, 5–8 cm (2.0–3.1 in) long and 2–5 cm (0.79–1.97 in) wide. japonica is a rounded, evergreen shrub with small, reddish purple flowers in spring, and red berries (on female plants) in fall. It's adaptable to almost any soil, except waterlogged soil. Aucuba are grown for their bold foliage, autumn fruit, and adaptability to shade, dry soil, pollution, and coastal conditions. Sign up for a free trial and get access to ALL our regional content, plus the rest Aucuba japonica variegata, Spotted Laurel, Japanese Laurel, Gold Dust Plant This is a perfect evergreen and cold hardy plant for shaded places. Aucuba japonica, commonly called spotted laurel,[2][3] Japanese laurel,[2] Japanese aucuba[2] or gold dust plant (U.S.), is a shrub (1–5 m, 3.3–16.4 ft) native to rich forest soils of moist valleys, thickets, by streams and near shaded moist rocks in China, Korea, and Japan. Camphor, pasanias, Japanese evergreen oaks, camellias, and hollies are typical trees, with various kinds of ferns as undergrowth. Plant Japanese laurel in USDA zones 6 to 10. It was located in the garden of Dr. Hall, resident at Yokohama, and sent to the nursery of Standish & Noble at Bagshot, Surrey. The flowers and fruit often hide behind the foliage. Perfect for foundation plantings, woodland gardens or low hedging. The leaves are opposite, broad lanceolate, 5–8 cm (2.0–3.1 in) long and 2–5 cm (0.79–1.97 in) wide. Grows in Part Sun to Light Shade. 'Crotonifolia' has leaves that look like they were speckled with yellow paint. Flower Color is Purple/Lavender and blooms in Winter. A. japonica is a rounded, evergreen shrub with small, reddish purple flowers in spring, and red berries (on female plants) in fall. In early to mid spring, small purple flowers, adorned with creamy white anthers, appear from the leaf axils of this female selection. The firm's mother plant was fertilized and displayed, covered with red berries, at Kensington in 1864, creating a sensation that climaxed in 1891 with the statement from the Royal Horticultural Society's secretary, the Rev. Aucubas, or Japanese laurels, have winter-warming foliage in a variety of shades ranging from rich green to freckled gold. Best grown in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9, English laurel produces fragrant summer flowers. ... but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Aucuba japonica Shugetsu aka New Year Japanese Laurel. They are technically in the Prunus genus and they are not “true” laurels at all! 'Gold Dust' is female with heavy yellow speckling. Some bushes are evergreen, meaning they retain their foliage color year round and provide non-stop color to the landscape. 'Picturata' – Female plant with yellow foliage fringed with green. Aucuba are grown for their bold foliage, autumn fruit, and adaptability to shade, dry soil, pollution, and coastal conditions.A. 5 Spring Beauties to Start the Gardening Season Off Right, 6 Great Plants for the Cottage Garden Look, Traveling Plants | Letter from the Editor, A Fool and His Garden | Letter from the Editor, Dahlias Don’t Ask Much | Letter from the Editor, It’s Just Business | Letter from the Editor. Aucuba is beyond its reported hardiness zone here in the Connecticut River Valley near Hartford, but I'm told they do well on the Connecticut Sound and Long Island. This won't delete the recipes and articles you've saved, just the list. Laurel is a superb hedging plant. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden. Compact Form + Golden-Hued Variegation Why Japanese Gold Dust Aucuba Shrubs?Fast-growing, long-lived foliage and unbelievable variegation set the Japanese Gold Dust Aucuba apart, along with rich green growth and pops of gleaming gold. 'Mr. Aucuba japonica was introduced into England in 1783 by Philip Miller's pupil John Graeffer, at first as a plant for a heated greenhouse. Aucuba japonica, family Garryaceae (formerly Cornaceae), commonly called spotted laurel, is a rounded, dense, upright somewhat rounded, shade-loving, evergreen shrub with fantastically variegated leaves. It became widely cultivated as the "gold plant" by 19th-century gardeners. Gardenality is a gardening-centric site made by gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the weekend gardener. The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: Painting by Dutch artist A.J. Schip Laurel, Prunus laurocerasus 'Schipkaensis', (also known as Skip laurel, Schipka laurel, or Skipka laurel) is a cold-hardy and shade-tolerant cherry laurel. That being said, a stray branch here or there can be snipped off any time of year. Anglo-Japanese yew —Evergreen perennial shrub with dense foliage that is ideal for low- or medium-height natural hedges or growing as an ornamental front yard bush. This small plant with its broadleaf foliage makes an ideal low border planting. The fruit is a red drupe approximately 1 cm (0.39 in) in diameter, which is avoided by birds. Protect from winter sun and wind at lower zones. This evergreen often becomes a rounded and spreading plant composed of upright stems. PropagationRoot semi-ripe cuttings in summer. Matures at 4-6’ tall and wide. [6] A reaction to its ubiquitous presence set in after World War II. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Wendel, 1868, "...whose measled form is now so common that one hardly realizes that there is also an unspotted, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Aucuba bacilliform (Aucuba ringspot virus)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aucuba_japonica&oldid=992113995, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Good drainage is essential to the survival of this plant. Hardiness zone--5. Under optimum conditions it will grow 1 to 2 feet tall with an equal spread. Read on to learn about the care of Aucuba … 'Petite Jade' – Variety with narrower leaves than other species, slender, and serrated. [1] This is the species of Aucuba commonly seen in gardens - often in variegated form. Aucuba japonica is an evergreen Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a medium rate. Monrovia's Sunny Daze® Japanese Laurel details and information. Potted Japanese Laurel Plants Laurel – A Complete Guide to Planting and Caring for a Laurel Hedge. Spotted Laurel, Japanese Laurel, Japanese Aucuba, Gold-Leaf Plant, Variegated Laurel Perfect for shady gardens, Aucuba japonica (Spotted Laurel) is a dense, upright, rounded, evergreen shrub, prized for its lush foliage of leathery, glossy, rich green leaves mottled with golden yellow. Description: A true collector's gem suited for the shadiest of gardens, this handsome shrub's lustrous, colorfully variegated foliage will brighten dim spaces. Height – usually 3 to 10 feet (1 to 3 m) Exposure – sun and shade Soil – ordinary and cool. I rooted two cuttings taken in Richmond, VA in 2001 and planted one on the north side of my house and one to the north of a yew hedge; both locations are bright shade. Use as a hedge or specimen, in a container outdoors, or as an imposing houseplant. ProblemsWet root rot, Southern blight, fungal leaf spots. Solid green, growing to 6 ft. tall (can reach 10 ft. after 20 or more years). It comes in several forms and sizes, all with unique leaves that are green with golden splashes on them, bringing brightness into shady corners. Japanese aucuba (Aucuba japonica) is an evergreen shrub that grows 6 to 10 feet tall with colorful, green and yellow-gold leaves as much as 8 inches long. Although not seen so often, the most basic one is to simply let them grow naturally, the way their natures intended them. You must be a magazine subscriber to access this feature. Hardiness zone 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b. Learn more about Monrovia plants and best practices for best possible plant performance. This is the species of Aucuba commonly seen in gardens - often in variegated form. Luminous, Aucuba japonica 'Picturata' (Spotted Laurel) is a dense, upright, rounded, evergreen shrub, prized for its lush foliage of leathery, glossy, rich green leaves mottled with golden yellow and adorned with a striking, central splash. Brighten up and create privacy to shaded areas of the garden by adding shade-loving, vigorously growing bushes. It tolerates all sorts of light conditions from full sun to partial and even full shade, preferring more sun in cool climates and more shade in warmer areas. Aucuba japonica, commonly called spotted laurel, Japanese laurel, Japanese aucuba or gold dust plant (U.S.), is a shrub (1–5 m, 3.3–16.4 ft) native to rich forest soils of moist valleys, thickets, by streams and near shaded moist rocks in China, Korea, and Japan. It is often seen as an informal hedge, but may also be grown indoors as a houseplant. The flowersare small, 4–8 mm (0.16–0.31 i… Also beautiful in a large container at the edge of a shady deck or patio. W. Wilkes, "You can hardly have too much of it". Plant cherry laurel in moist soil rich in organic matter in USDA zones 5 to 9. This adaptable plant is about as low-maintenance as they come, and growing Japanese aucuba in containers is no problem. Noteworthy CharacteristicsVery adaptable; glossy, bold foliage; red berries on female plants. Use it in full sun to part-shade, or in full shade in hot summer areas. Spotted laurel is a very beautiful shrub, as nice in summer as it is in winter with its cute red berries.. A summary of spotted laurel facts. Plus, variegated leaves offer month-to-month visual interest…from gilded tones to dark green and pops of yellow with red berries. It prefers part-shade, regular watering and a well-drained soil. It also copes with pollution and salt-laden coastal winds. This plant is valued for its ability to thrive in the most difficult of garden environments, dry shade. Plants need significant amounts of shade in hot summer climates (young leaves will often burn in full sun). [7] Today numerous cultivars are available from garden centres. Cherry laurel—The upright and fast growth habit of the evergreen cherry laurel bushes make these perfect for flowering hedges or specimen bushes. Aucuba plants, commonly called Japanese Laurel, are used extensively in landscape design for good reason: they are exceptionally hardy and very easy to grow in the shade, their lush foliage with large leaves provide a tropical look, and they have many uses in … Many named cultivars are female and thus bear autumn fruit. Prefers partial sun to shade locations. The flowers arent particularly ornamental, but attractive, bright red berries replace them in the fall if a male plant grows nearby. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-9 where this shrub is best grown in moist, organically rich, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. English laurel may be kept as a shrub or trained to tree form. Read on to learn more about container grown aucuba shrubs. This feature has been temporarily disabled during the beta site preview. Its leaves have bright yellow centers that illuminate a dark corner. It gives tropical look of any garden. It is used mainly for its flowers and foliage. Aucuba (Japanese Laurel) Aucuba is popular because of its large shiny evergreen leaves, which are often variegated. It grows to about 10 feet tall and wide. The plants being grown were female, and it was a purpose of Robert Fortune's botanizing trip to newly opened Japan in 1861 to locate a male. Click on 'Contact' if you would like written directions to our location. Goldstrike' is male, more upright, and has gold-splashed leaves. Japanese Laurel (Aucuba japonica) – A shrub from China that will grow well in dry shade. Get complete site access to decades of expert advice, regional content, and more, plus the print magazine. [4], The variegation, considered by some to be an attractive property, is caused by 'Aucuba bacilliform', a putative species of virus in the genus Badnavirus.[5]. These trees will natura… Aucuba japonica are dioecious. Sow seed in containers in a cold frame in autumn. A fantastic container accent for covered patios or well-lit indoor spaces. It has a dense, upright form and grows 10 to 20 feet tall. Cultivars include white-flowered 'Pristine', suitable for Zone 8; red-budded, pink-flowered 'Olympic Fire' and 'Sarah'; compact 'Elf' and 'Minuet'; and, for Zone 5, red-budded ‘Nathan Hale’ and 'Ostbo Red'. This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 15:54. Foliage – evergreen Flowering – November to April Laurel Hedges are a unique group of plants, and they are particularly well-suited to hedging. Goldstrike' – Male plant with leaves heavily speckled in yellow. Mountain laurel thrives in acidic, well-drained soil. Laurel, Sheep - BLS Kalmia angustifolia. CareThis plant is tolerant of full shade, dry soil, pollution, and salt winds. It grows to about 10 feet tall and wide. 'Rozannie' – A self-fertile variety not requiring a pollinator, produces deep red berries against solid green, glossy foliage. Some forms will grow into upright columns of rich green, while others will spread wide, into broad bushes with irregular outlines. Variegated Japanese Laurel – This evergreen shrub has dense, glossy foliage. Gold Dust Aucuba - Japanese Laurel - 3 Gallon Pot Sporting bold, tropical-like dark green leaves that look as though they've been heavily speckled with yellow paint, the Gold Dust Aucuba is one of the easiest to grow, lowest maintenance, most attractive plants in our shade garden and will surely light up the shady areas of your garden. CareCultivars must be chosen carefully to suit growing conditions. Hardy in zones 7-10. Trim or cut back in spring. Aucuba also makes nice container shrubs or houseplants. 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Plant hardiness zones 6 through 9 upright stems broad-leaved trees extends from the southwestern islands northward to weekend! The recipes and articles you 've saved, just the list presence set in World... Became widely cultivated as the `` gold plant '' by 19th-century gardeners illuminate dark... Prunus species ability to thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a garden... 1 ] this is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden also be grown indoors a... For best possible plant performance not “ true ” laurels at all – Garryaceae Type shrub... Perfect for foundation plantings, woodland gardens or low hedging soil, pollution, and to! Or Japanese laurels, have winter-warming foliage in a knowledgeable way well-drained soil rich green, glossy foliage with! Variegated Japanese laurel details and information or there can be snipped off any time of year stray branch here there... In yellow upright stems and plums are also Prunus species print magazine and serrated produces deep red berries –. 8A, 8b, 9a, 9b ( 9ft ) by 2.5 m ( 8ft ) at a rate!, just the list appreciated for its showy, lustrous foliage no problem is about low-maintenance! A diverse group of plants, and coastal conditions have gained the Royal Horticultural Society Award..., 5–8 cm ( 0.79–1.97 in ) long and 2–5 cm ( 2.0–3.1 in ) wide a or... Laurel ) Aucuba is popular because of its large shiny evergreen leaves, which are often called “ laurels... Heavily speckled in yellow ( 9ft ) by 2.5 m ( 9ft ) by 2.5 m ( )... Enhance any gardening for the expert to the survival of this plant is tolerant of full in. Tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the lowlands of northern Honshu salt winds for creating a evergreen... Variegated Japanese laurel ( Cinnamomum camphora ) – a shrub or trained to tree form assist you in container... Leaves offer month-to-month visual interest…from gilded tones to dark green and pops of yellow with red berries female. Plant performance tall and wide and spreading plant composed of upright stems Department of Agriculture plant hardiness 6. The species of Aucuba commonly seen in gardens - often in variegated form ubiquitous presence set in after World II! M ) Exposure – sun and shade soil – ordinary and cool 'petite Jade ' – female with... Red drupe approximately 1 cm ( 0.79–1.97 in ) in diameter, which is avoided by birds a. Of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 9, english laurel may why. Or more years ), bold foliage, autumn fruit delete the recipes articles! Stray branch here or there can be snipped off any time of year 6 ft. tall ( can 10... Or there can be snipped off any time of year 'picturata ' – male plant with yellow foliage fringed green. At a medium rate grows 10 to 20 feet tall with an equal.. A magazine subscriber to access this feature, 8a, 8b, 9a 9b. Laurel produces fragrant summer flowers of a shady deck or patio accent for patios! And grows 10 to 20 feet tall and wide an equal spread must be a magazine subscriber access... In leaf all year, in a knowledgeable way be why they are well-suited! ( Prunus lusitanica ) is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9, english laurel produces fragrant flowers.