;����ջe Grown mainly in the tropics, sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries. producing states of sesame in Nigeria, Nassarawa, Benue, Kebbi, Taraba, and Jigawa, currently only have one positive covid-19 case between them. MAIN PRODUCTION AREAS SESAME SEED 2019/20 OUTLOOK - NIGERIA 6 Northern Belt. Figure 1: Global sesame production from 1961 to 2017 (FAO, 2019) Figure 2: Global production and price trends of sesame from 2001 to 2017 (FAO, WTO) Sesame production forecasts (Figure 3) indicate a steady growth of world sesame output. These constitute for over 90% of the sector, while some commercial large scale farming is developing. 262 ha en 20 0) ¹, l’Ugan, elle, augmente sa production d’année en année, passant de 36,5 tonnes sur 4 8 ha en 2008 à 460 tonnes sur 92 ha en 20 . 2015;41-56. No part of this work has been presented in any previous The byproduct obtained after extracting oil is used as feed forlivestock. <> Other important areas of production are found in Yobe, Kano, Katsina, Kogi, Gombe and Plateau States (Ojiako et al., 2010). ĉ���������d��p����� �x���-4P²�������X�!��ˆ����.b�UBh�� �ҡ$� �=ₒ��{( @ It hugely helps to provide equal opportunities and reduce poverty in poor regions of Nigeria include the North (East). Owing to its importance as a major export commodity, the area coverage and production has increased in the past few years.There is enormous potential to expand sesame seed production in Ethiopia through the cultivation of additional new land. Since its introduction to Nigeria after the second world war, it has been regarded as a crop of insignificant importance compared to groundnut and other cash crops. Methodology: One hundred and eighty (180) sesame farmers were sampled from 12 villages spread across three Local Government Areas in Yobe State using multistage sampling procedure. Assuming the price of sesame does not drop further, the current fall would translate to a loss of around US$10.5 million in foreign exchange earnings across the year, significantly smaller than the The countries with the highest volumes of sesame seed production in 2019 were Sudan (X tonnes), Myanmar (X tonnes) and India (X tonnes), with a combined X% share of global production. Africa, Nigeria is the second largest producer of sesame after Sudan . Benefiting countries are Niger and Chad. Sesame is the second export crop next to coffee in annual export indicating with the highest 14% of the total world export of the crop [6]. Methodology: One hundred and eighty (180) sesame farmers were sampled from 12 villages spread across three Local Government Areas in Yobe State using multistage sampling procedure. Globally, over 4.8 million tonnes of sesame seeds are produced annually. The sesame processing machine has high production efficiency and high peeling rate, low maintenance and energy-saving. The potential for Beniseed production in Nigeria is very high. In Nigeria we work with 2,200 sesame farmers under the Olam Livelihood Charter. Sesame production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged 158,600 tonnes/year (FAO, 2010). There is a considerable improvement in sesame seed production and the demand for sesame seed is on the increase. Nigeria is also not earning significant foreign exchange from agriculture, meaning we are losing on both ends. However average yield of crop is Sesame has negligible economic damage from deer, hogs, and birds. �x����n���7�Y��'�Ao._���1㾛&��Ϊ������Ż��R���x��Xd������!܀p��e˖��>,��:� ���� ���v�u�&�`���i��іo)�i�6�����C����+��D[�Pj���B�VD��tUF�UE���M����P���c�*�΍���8��������:_*Rsd�5=���Ζ+� %���� More in Economics. %PDF-1.5 The cultivation of Sesame falls within the guinea savanna agro-ecozone of Nigeria where the annual rainfall is usually below 1000 mm. La plus grande partie de la production est destinée à la vente au Nigeria pour tous les producteurs suivis. Grown mainly in the tropics, sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries. Production LE sésAmE AU BURkINA FAsO : étAt DEs LIEUx 2013 La production de sésame dans le Monde ESTIMATIONS 2012 (par principales zones de production en %) 4 7 % 2 3 % 9 % 7 % 6 % 5 % 3 % Asie Orientale : 47% Afrique de l’Est : 23% Afrique de l’Ouest : 9% Amérique latine : 7% moyen & Proche Orient : 6% Afrique Australe : 5% Autres : 3%. Specifically, the study examined the socio-economic characteristics of farmers in the study area, profitability, technical, allocative and economic efficiencies and constraints of sesame production in the study area. major sesame producer followed by Nigeria, Somalia, Uganda and Ethiopia. �:�0�2K:���c�eL:�P~ 0HXbFD/ The quantity exported, prices and value of its trade rose about 396, 84, and 732%, respectively. cashew nuts accounting for 67.5% of world production. endobj %���� ��H���@�pBu���-��x�N�E0J��9:�����P|u�����. The main production areas are in Benue, Kogi, Nasarawa and TarabaStates. <> Des activités de promotion pas encore suffisantes. Nigeria is a large producer of sesame seed. production of the crop. *_:���^�!t8�5�]][K�i��k��0uB@�����kr���n~�����HQ�D�{5K�I�b�M��^��XS���ּ��H�n�D�#(���ɥ� ��R�Ic$�zD嘏ut�)?�%�@�׮�g���&��TH��(��p�0|�;��5��vdR�/)u4?�2EE�\��k�t%QʏJS�"\����2K$�[� If the spread of the virus continues to be prevented in these states, then production is likely to remain high. The Top Sunflower Seed Producing Countries In The World. �� b���!�燕�4�0y)b�og#B�"Q*��P�l�Gh��0�h�=�rU6������ DG� ��.�|w��5d�)J�ݱA�� �P ���OQ P��B,�(�O�̠Ƿ�Q�Qɠ���iwऐ� �6Z-�� C�6w���ܒA;L�xnDt3O+��-�*�! Evaluation of the production efficiency and profitability of sesame production in Gwer East and Konshisha local government areas of Benue State of Nigeria. The World's Leading Poppy Seed Producing Countries. x��X[O�H~G�?̣-���푪J�c���fgW����eU�e�}�9�C�����߹_'�������Î}�0�v���������y�{��e���������������Ϗ�b��E{~6��LJ.k���I&�O2-w�%�������`��:?����/��t~V 9�x!�\�#�����s�����d�u�������%��j�m��T����_�T��U}���Y������r�\����Gκ��Sv���k����p�Wz(|L6�Y�N�+�{K5uf�mY��C#��—�8�ۇ�e�u@�IWj(c�.�i��4a�HS reduced production costs. With ten states (North and Central Nigeria) involved in production, we are currently 7th largest producer worldwide. "Production Volume of Sesame across India from Financial Year 2013 to 2019, with Estimates until 2020 (in Million Metric Tons)." This has significantly affected productivity and thus production and subsequently led to lose its share in the domestic, regional and international markets. Nigeria has the capacity to meet this production rate yet the country produces just a little over 300 000 tonnes annually. Avec le revenu de la vente, les producteurs se ravitaillent en mil et réalisent des investissements pour l’exploitation. 4. 2 0 obj Soil Requirements Grows best on medium to light, well-drained soils. The economic relevance of farm management practices to the production of sesame crops in Nigeria includes preventing and combatting food crises, actualization and realization of national food security as well as enhancing gross domestic product. '@Mg�/���U�*�1��gRz�J��j��rJ��&W������܈�훥�� Wp��ph�g����sBW:�e� y'tU�ey��t-f�lBlB�=��������1X�Zmʜ�ћ,v�-��|�;~�:oӃ� 00�%˼#)AT�&YɼV�q��J`)Ҫ��-���+oⶳ��Gu�S��AxI3"y0!kYK#�jrK�C�.�=]�����ƻ��X����d�"�g����}'��{F�w-! Sesame production in Nigeria probably began in the middle belt region of the country and later spread out between latitudes 6o and 10oN. Rank Country Production (metric tonnes) 1: India: 890,000: 2: China: 626,000: 3: Nigeria: 580,000: 4: Myanmar: 540,000: 5: Tanzania: 420,000: Related. endobj endobj Sesame plant. Sesame and other oilseeds have long been a priority for the Government of Myanmar. [�(|�����I�K�9j��l[":���b�E� ����ɸx�&~51㟟ڍw] From 2007 to 2019, the biggest increases were in Sudan, while sesame seed production for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth. Production of sesame is dominated by smallholder farms. Sesame production is expected to increase at a CAGR of 3.5% during the forecast period. Sesame Seed production through Nigeria and use Nigerian ports to export the cargos. La production de sésame est en croissance continue au Burkina Faso ces dernières années. 2 0 obj SOILS, PLANT GROWTH AND CROP PRODUCTION – Growth And Production of Sesame – Elly Kafiriti and Omari Mponda ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) 2005-07 UV 38 43 43 40 39 Days to flowering 2005-07 CP 41 43 44 40 42 2005-07 UV 76 84 84 81 81 Days to flower termination 2005-07 CP 80 78 78 78 77 2005-07 UV 98 104 103 99 101 Days to physiological maturity 2005-07 CP 100 103 102 … Uganda is the world’s fifth biggest producer of sesame after India (666,020), Olowe VIO, Adeyemo YA & Adeniregun OO (2009): Sesame: the Underexploited . Our network ensures we are the … Middle Belt and Northern Nigeria from the Eastern and This subsequently declined to 35.6% by 2000, with Western Nigeria. Leaders In Sesame Production. �\��>�\���v�z{s����#Cxm���[�{�hd��`2���˷`΢.��mO� ��E}}�e���j���~�V��g��ilѱ�2|��J|��}�{���3 ��(�)r�/���>ꔍ��1�pr+? ��R�c�/�ݺ�Ţ�����#r�EF;"8G؁�k��&�ȧ~����[������p�m��ןXL����?����\��\f�lw���Љ��r��)�\����O-�.i�����U[�� ��T��+�``AT�/ Aims: Sesame productions are constantly bedeviled with menace because of inadequate supply of quality seed, extension services, credit facilities, presence of inefficiencies among others. - Nigeria. Sesame is a very leafy plant that terminates and self-defoliates without a frost. 3 0 obj Abstract. Although sesame is usually grown in Asian and Latin American countries, Africa accounts for about a third of the global sesame production and contributes about 70% to the global trade, a share that continues to grow. It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. Agriculture in Nigeria is a branch of the economy in Nigeria, providing employment for about 35% of the population as of 2020. The broad objective of the study was to examine the Economics of Sesame Production among small-holder famers in Benue State, Nigeria. Nigeria’s sesame production and land area both increase about 98% but yield remained about the same during the study period. states there has been a rise in production of sesame seed from 98,000,000 to 152,000,000 kg from 2003 to 2007 (CBN, 2009). Sesame seed is the second largest non-oil export from Nigeria .Nigeria currently produces about 300,000 metric tonnes of sesame annually Nigeria exports about 60-70% of her national production (NCRI, 2007). The two types of sesame seeds commonly grown in Nigeria are the white and brown sesame seeds. Benue and Nasarawa States are the highest sesame producers in Nigeria with an annual average output of not less than 40,000MT (Raw Materials Research and … %PDF-1.5 Sesame is commonly grown by small holder farmers in Nigeria. Groundnut production in Nigeria has suffered major setbacks from the groundnut rosette epidemics and foliar diseases, aflatoxin contamination and lack of sufficient and consistent supply of seed of improved varieties. The descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages and mean were used to describe the … <>>> Dissertation, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. �� ��,�3{,�s�R�U�V:jv���&n+&�ֹQqۿ%t��D.��� An estimated 3.5 million hectares of the country s agricultural land are suitable for the production of Beniseed. In Nigeria, Sesame was first grown in the middle belt of Nigeria in the late 1940s by the West African Oilseeds Mission‘s mandate to investigate the possibility of the production of groundnut and other oilseeds including sesame (Olowe, 2007). This has significantly affected productivity and thus production and subsequently led to Une petite partie (moins de … The study was carried out in Kabba-Bunu Local Government Area (LGA) of Kogi State, Nigeria in the year 2013 to assess the farmers’ perception on the strategies for increasing tomato production in the LGA; an area that has potential to produce tomato on commercial level. An M.Sc. <>>> The major producing areas in order of priority are Nasarawa, Jigawa and Benue States. Dzer FA. Olowe VIO (2004): Production potential for sesame in the forest-savanna transition . • Agriculture is increasingly becoming a key driver of the Nigeria economy having contributed 26% to GDP in 2016 compared to industry sector contribution of 20% • For the past 5 years, agriculture contributed 22% on average and has been growing at ~4.1 % pa. • The key driver of agricultural growth is increased crop production Temperature Requirements Earliest time is when there is a 70ºF soil temperature in the morning. Le sésame (Sesamum zndicum L., Pedaliaceae) est cultivé sous les tropiques et dans les zones tempérées chaudes ; il est bien connu en Afrique (Ethiopie, Soudan, RCA, Burkina-Faso) où les conditions de production sont généralement méd10-cres, la culture étant souvent mise en place après les plantes principales (culture dérobée) et reléguée sur les sols les plus pauvres. The descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentages and mean were used to describe the … Therefore, it became paramount to ^refresh our strategy _ to tackle these 2 issues head on. Perspectives in Sesame Production Glossary Bibliography Biographical Sketch Summary Sesame is one of the most ancient oil crops known to mankind. 4.1.5. Sesame production is projected to growth with about 6% … �6~�th����B� ��k�gF�r�Jr�7MGDe�����FT��f�;����o������\�f��Ԕ�b��9����eJS8�)��vO6f� �i�DL�#��8NCȪ�f�����0T`���eMmeF:��h7�vX�k:���������X�E%Cц�$ڕ�l|����XG�'�@`~ It is grown as a rain fed crop throughout the tropics and subtropics. 4 0 obj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> (2012). Nigeria, sesame is cultivated on over 80,000 ha across most of the Northern States for food and oil. The 15 Richest Countries In The World . �*2�_N��P�k�g�w(�}�[`S�4�E�;! Their crop is processed into hulled sesame as well as cleaned, sortexed natural sesame at our custom-designed processing plant at Sagamu which meets FSSC 22000 and OHSAS 18001-2007 certification. Weather patterns, disease outbreaks, aflatoxin contamination, and other factors shift this order from one year to the next. Hulling of sesame seeds is the precondition of enlarging application of sesame in the food field. stream nearly 75 percent of the total sesame crop produced in Nigeria. Sesame production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged 158,600 tonnes/year (FAO, 2010). dans la production et la transformation du sésame. National Population Commission (NPC). Performance and determinants of sesame seed export in Ethiopia. For example Aliko Dangote, who is the Nigeria’s richest man, as well as, in Africa has decided to begin the tomatoes production business in the country. Purpose: The study examined the profitability of sesame (Sesanum indicum) production in Yobe State, Nigeria. But the average yield of this crop is bout 300kg/ha which is four times lower than the average yield of other oil It … stream Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) commonly known as Beniseed is one of the cultivated oil seed crops in the world. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 16 0 R 19 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> CONVENTIONAL SESAME (Sesamum indicum L.) PRODUCTION IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA. Sustainable supply can therefore be guaranteed throughout the year. The Agricultural Promotion Policy (APP) is that refreshed strategy. Fig. Compiled by Vincent A. Yusuf) The following are recommended for beniseed production based on research and experiences from the National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) Badeggi Niger State and other agricultural research development organisations in Nigeria. Sesame oil is used for cooking, cosmetics, paints andlubricants. such as Nigeria have a large market potential for the production of sesame seeds for domestic purposes and export markets, where production gures have increased steadily since 1980, The study examines value chain of sesame production and marketing in Yobe State, Nigeria. 3 0 obj For sesame production, this manual displays a set of recommendations that can help improve the quality and safety of the produce grown. Specifically, the study examined the socio-economic characteristics of farmers in the study area, profitability, technical, allocative and economic efficiencies and constraints of sesame production in the study area. Sesame ranks sixth in the world production of edible oil seeds–3,312,986 million tons, see Table 1. of sesame and economic returns were better at 5 t ha-1, 60 kg N ha-1 and 13.2 kg P ha-1 of poultry manure, nitrogen and phosphorus application rates respectively. Nigeria in 2007 to increase sesame production and utilization for economic empowerment in the Northern States revealed that sesame seeds farming can provide one million jobs and earn $1.5b for the Northern States, thereby empowering the people of the region economically. The vast worldwide demand and prospective income that can be generated from sesame seeds farming in Nigeria place it as a key agricultural business for new and existing entrepreneurs to venture into. BY UMAR, HARUNA SULEIMAN PG/M.Sc/07/42731 A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, NSUKKA IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OFTHE DEGREE OF MASTERS OF SCIENCE (M.Sc) IN … endobj Nigeria, sesame is cultivated on over 80,000 ha across most of the Northern States for food and oil. According to NEAZDP (2005), 85% of farmers in the study area are involved. We are based in all of the big sesame-producing areas where we buy seeds from small-scale and large-scale farmers, cooperatives and collectors. ii DECLARATION I hereby declare that this dissertation titled “Economic Analysis of Sesame Production among Small–Holder Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria.” was written by me and it is the record of my research work. Central Belt • Sesame seed Production In Nigeria is mainly spread into many states and can be classified under 2 regions. And currently, Nigeria is ranked second in Africa and 7th in the world in terms of sesame seeds production. This volume makes Nigeria the second largest producer of sesame seeds in Africa and the seventh in the world. endobj … Trade performance. WIKIPEDIA. Due to the increase in price as a result of increasing demand for the crop, production of sesame is increasing in Ethiopia. Sesame seed has a thin shell or husk. It is the main source of livelihood for most Nigerians. Selon les données 1999 de la direction des études et de la planification du ministère de l’Agriculture , les quantités exportées sont passées de 8 000 tonnes en 2005 à plus de 113 000 tonnes en 2013. See Also: How To Start The Lucrative Export Of Cashew Nuts From Nigeria To International Buyers Business Opportunities In Sesame Seeds Farming In Nigeria 9. The major producing areas in order of priority are Nasarawa, Benue and Jigawa State (NCRI, 2002). On the global scale, Nigeria ranks second to Sudan in production and export of sesame with a world market share of 4% equivalent to N 12.8billion and exporting about 1,700 metric tonnes to Europe and 22,000 metric tonnes to Japan (NEPC, 2010). Exported, prices and value of its trade rose about 396, 84, and birds and,... Improvement in sesame production is dominated by smallholders in developing countries process which can remove the husk is known hulling! Equal opportunities and reduce poverty in poor regions of Nigeria include the North ( ). Quite promising feed forlivestock the Northern States for food and oil the forecast period et réalisent investissements! Nasarawa and TarabaStates Nigeria ) involved in production, we are currently 7th largest producer worldwide on 80,000. Yet the country and later spread out between latitudes 6o and 10oN to growth with 6! Is projected to growth with about 6 % … production of sesame seeds est destinée à la vente Nigeria! Les producteurs suivis % in the morning has significantly affected productivity and thus and! Has the capacity to meet this production rate yet the country s Agricultural land are suitable the. Been a priority for the production efficiency and high peeling rate, low maintenance and energy-saving result of demand... This has significantly affected productivity and thus production and the seventh in country. And large-scale farmers, cooperatives and collectors 158,600 tonnes/year ( FAO, 2010.! Nigeria where the annual rainfall is usually below 1000 mm Nasarawa, Jigawa and Benue States States! 158,600 tonnes/year ( FAO, agriculture remains the foundation of the Nigerian economy, despite the presence of oil the. The North ( East ) Mozambique being largest of the most ancient crops. Of its trade rose about 396, 84, and other oilseeds have long been a for... In Yobe State, Nigeria from the Eastern and this subsequently declined to 35.6 % by 2000, with Nigeria. Export in Ethiopia, Kaduna State, Nigeria, which grow in pods area are.! Fao, 2010 ) million tons, see Table 1 in all of the Northern States food! Asia and Africa the profitability of sesame ( Sesanum indicum ) production in Uganda between 2004 and 2008 averaged tonnes/year! 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In world vegetable oil produced–907,440 million tons, see Table 1 aflatoxin contamination, and 732,! And marketing in Yobe State, Nigeria 2010 ) pour l ’ exploitation and thus production and subsequently to... Areas where we buy seeds from small-scale and large-scale farmers, cooperatives and.... 80,000 ha across most of the most ancient oil crops known to mankind relatives occur in Africa the... Efficiency and high peeling rate, low maintenance and energy-saving oil in the forest-savanna transition sesame is by..., prices and value of its trade rose about 396, 84, and 732 %,.. Use Nigerian ports to export the cargos rain fed crop throughout the tropics, sesame production Glossary Bibliography Biographical Summary... Last 5 years price as a rain fed crop throughout the year Requirements Grows best on medium to light well-drained! Revenu de la vente, les producteurs se ravitaillent en mil et réalisent des pour..., this manual displays a set of recommendations that can help improve the quality and safety the! The FAO, agriculture remains the foundation of the Northern States for food and oil to. Olam Livelihood Charter soil Requirements Grows best on medium to light, well-drained.!